ACTIVITY 1: Reducing Sexual Risk
If someone chooses to have sex, despite the risk involved, they should protect themselves. What are things someone can do to reduce the risk of STDs, HIV, and pregnancy? Click on all that apply.
- Take it slow
- Know your partner
- Talk to partner about sex
- Get tested for STIs and HIV
- Use condoms
- Abstain from sex
- Don’t share needles
- Limit the number of sex partners
ACTIVITY 2: True or False
1. Ovaries produce eggs.
True. Every month during ovulation, an ovary produces a single mature egg for fertilization.
2. Men and women both have urethras.
True. The urethra is the canal that in most mammals carries off the urine from the bladder and in males also serves as a passageway for semen.
3. Babies grow in a woman’s vagina.
True. Babies grow in a woman’s uterus. The vagina is the canal that leads from the uterus to the external opening.
4. A pap smear checks for STIs.
False. A pap smear screens for the early detection of cervical cancer. STI screening may be conducted at the same time as a pap smear, but this is not always done.
5. Some untreated STIs can scar the fallopian tubes and cause infertility.
True. Many STIs stay in your body if they are not treated. They can spread into the uterus or fallopian tubes and cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a serious infection of the reproductive organs. PID can cause damage that makes you unable to get pregnant.
6. Drugs and alcohol use can increase your chances of getting an STD or pregnant.
True. People who abuse alcohol and illicit drugs may be at higher risk for contracting a STD or having an unplanned pregnancy.
7. Oil-based lubricant should be used with condoms.
False. Do not use products made with oil as lubricants for latex condoms. They can damage latex. Materials that should not be used include: any oils (cooking, baby, coconut, mineral), petroleum jelly, lotions, cold creams, butter, cocoa butter, and margarine. Instead, use water-based lubricants especially formulated for use during sex (such as K-Y or other lubricants made with glycerin or silicone).
8. Cervical cancer is associated with an STI.
True. The human papillomavirus (HPV) is a very common STI. Certain types of HPV cause cervical cancers.
9. People who don’t want to get pregnant should use protection against pregnancy and STIs every time they have sex.
True. Condoms are a barrier method of contraception that, when used consistently and correctly, can prevent pregnancy by blocking the passage of semen into the vaginal canal. Condoms can also prevent the exchange of blood, semen, and vaginal secretions, which are the primary routes of most STI transmission.
10. Douching after sex can prevent STIs.
False. This is a myth. The only way to completely prevent STIs is not to have sex. But practicing safer sex will dramatically decrease your risk of getting an STI. You can greatly reduce your chances of getting an STI in the following ways:
- Use a male latex (or polyurethane or polyisoprene if allergic to latex) condom every time you have sex: vaginal, anal, or oral. If the condom is used correctly and consistently, it can reduce (but not eliminate) the risk of STI transmission. Natural membrane condoms are not recommended for STI prevention but do help to prevent pregnancy.
- Preventing the exchange of semen, vaginal excretions, and blood.
ACITIVITY 3: The Journey of the Sperm
Where does the sperm travel in order to get to an egg? Put the boxes in the correct order.
Boxes: Vagina, Epididymis, Fallopian Tube, Vas Deferens, Egg, Testicle, Uterus, Urethra, Cervix
The Correct Order: Epididymis, Testicle, Vas Deferens, Urethra, Vagina, Cervix, Uterus, Fallopian Tube, Egg